Vitamin D deficiency can lead to:
- Skeletal disease : Like rickets in children. short stature and deformities of the skeleton, especially of the lower legs. Osteoporosis and myopathy, which can cause muscle weakness and pain.
- Cardiovascular disease: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased prevalence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, peripheral vascular disease, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke. The anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin D may be the reason for this.
- Depression: Vitamin D plays a role in regulating adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine production in the brain through vitamin D receptors in the adrenal cortex, as well as protecting against the depletion of serotonin and dopamine.
- Sleep apnea: There is some evidence that vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of obstructive sleep apnea brought on by inflammatory rhinitis and/or tonsillar hypertrophy.
- Other diseases: Multiple sclerosis, Erectile dysfunction, Dental cavities:
Causes : Limited exposure to the sun. Dark skin, the pigment melanin reduces the skin’s ability to make vitamin D in response to sunlight exposure. Being overweight, Malabsorption, aging decreased the ability to synthesize vitamin D from exposure to the sun , Medications like antifungal, anticonvulsants, glucocorticoids can enhance the breakdown of vitamin D and lead to low levels.
High dose of vitamin D can lead to hypercalcemia. The symptoms of this are weakness, confusion, constipation, loss of appetite, and development of painful calcium deposits. To avoid this do Vitamine D test before and after taking the treatment to detect the dose exactly.
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Vitamin D is done routinely in metra labs.